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Hastings and Prince Edward Public Health

Typhoid Injectable Vaccine FAQs

The injectable typhoid vaccine, Typherix®orTyphim Vi®, helps protect children and adults from becoming infected with typhoid fever bacteria.The vaccine should be given at least 2 weeks before travelling, for adequate protection.

What is typhoid fever?

  • Typhoid fever is a serious, sometimes life-threatening disease, caused by one strain of bacteria called Salmonella typhi. This germ thrives in developing countries where there may be poor food handling and storage and inadequate water sanitation.
  • Typhoid fever spreads by having direct contact with an infected person or eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water.
  • Immunization for typhoid fever is recommended if you are travelling to South Asia, but may be considered if there are certain risk factors, and you are travelling to Africa, Asia, Central or South America or some Eastern European countries.
  • Symptoms usually appear one to three weeks after becoming infected and can include high fever, headache, weakness, loss of appetite, constipation or diarrhea, or a rash.
  • Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics.

Who should get the injectable typhoid vaccine?

  • Individuals 2 years of age and older, at risk for catching typhoid fever:
    • travelling to South Asia or a developing country where there is a poor sanitation, limited access to safe water, and you are backpacking / staying in low cost accommodation / visiting friends or relatives.
    • living with or frequently exposed to a typhoid carrier.
    • working in a lab where you are frequently exposed to Salmonella typhi bacteria.

Who should not get the injectable typhoid vaccine?

  • Anyone who has had a serious allergic reaction to this vaccine in the past, or to any component of the vaccine:
    • Typherix® – salmonella typhi, phenol, sodium chloride solution, disodium phosphate, sodium phosphate
    • Typhim Vi® – salmonella typhi, phenol, isotonic buffer solution (Does not contain latex)
    • Anyone with a high fever, moderate to severe illness, or vomiting / diarrhea, should wait until they feel well.
    • Pregnant or breastfeeding women should only be vaccinated if it is clearly necessary

What are the common side effects of typhoid vaccine?

  • Some people may feel sore and swollen for a few days where the needle was given and have general muscle aches, headaches, fever and/ or feel tired for a day or two.
  • Tylenol® or ibuprofen may be taken afterwards, as directed, to reduce discomfort or fever.
  • Children under 19 years of age must not be given ASA, Aspirin® or salicylates.

What else do I need to know?

  • The best defense against germs is frequent hand washing; wash your hands with soap and water for at least 15 seconds or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer after you use the bathroom and / or before you eat or handle food.
  • Follow the advice on the Safe Food and Safe Water Fact sheets.
  • You will need a booster dose in 3 years if you are still exposed to typhoid germs.

When should I seek medical attention after immunization?

  • If you or your child experiences any unusual side effects, please seek medical attention and notify us.
  • Go to Emergency at a hospital right away or call 911 if you or your child has any of the following symptoms after immunization:
    • swelling of the face and neck
    • problems breathing
    • hives and itchy, reddened skin

Your Record of Protection

After you receive any immunization, make sure your health care provider updates your personal immunization record. Keep it in a safe place. Please inform us of any immunizations not received from Public Health.

Typhoid Injectable Vaccine Fact Sheet printable pdf

Need More Information About Typhoid Injectable Vaccine FAQs?

Talk to your health care provider or call our Immunization Program at 613-966-5500 or 1-800-267-2803, ext. 221.

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From November 25 to 27 the HPEPH website will be undergoing regular maintenance. Web pages may be unavailable during this time. Phone lines may also be impacted. We apologize for any inconvenience. The website and phone lines will be running normally on November 28.

COVID-19 VACCINES IN HPEPH

All individuals ≥ 5 yrs of age are eligible to receive a fall COVID-19 bivalent booster dose 6 mo after previous COVID-19 vaccine regardless of the number of booster doses previously received.

Appointments can be booked through the provincial vaccine booking site, or by calling 1-833-943-3900 from 8 am to 8 pm, 7 days a week.  

COVID-19 PROTOCOLS

For the most up to date information on current provincial guidelines and advice in case of exposure, visit Ontario.ca/page/public-health-measures-and-advice.

The Ministry of Health has launched a new toll-free line as an additional resource to help answer questions from the public regarding evolving COVID-19 testing and isolation guidance. The line can be reached at 1-888-777-0730, and is available from 8 am to 6 pm, 7 days a week.